Collective assertion of rights

Express statutory provisions dictate that numerous remuneration claims under copyright law must be asserted by a collecting society (see for example § 54 UrhG [Copyright Act] in relation to charges on blank cassettes and recording devices, § 20 b UrhG on cable retransmission rights and § 27 UrhG on the hire of videos and DVDs). A collecting society is here understood to be a society authorised and monitored as a supervisory authority by the German Patents Office, as is the case with VGF.